Stroke is a very common killer on a global level and it is right up there with cardiac conditions and cancer, however in a lot of the cases, death or paralysis could be avoided when the signs and symptoms of stroke are recognized quickly and patient is treated within 4.5 hrs from the attack, stated medical professionals.
Six Million Die of Stroke Each Year!
However, few patients receive timely treatment as a minority recognize the signs and symptoms of stroke. Globally, around 6,000,0000 people die each year due to stroke, which makes up about more deaths than the total caused by AIDS, TB and malaria combined. It is believed that by 2015, India alone will have over a million and a half stroke patients. On World Stroke Day (October 29), doctors stress the necessity for understanding the warning signs and raising awareness about its signs and its symptoms.
“A national survey carried out by ISA not too long ago, within the age bracket of 25 and 50, discovered deficiencies in awareness concerning the causes and signs and symptoms of stroke.
Few Recognize Signs and Symptoms of Stroke
Also, a WSO survey completed a few years ago discovered that only 6.2% people recognized the signs and symptoms of stroke. “It clearly signifies the frightening lack of awareness about stroke, its causes, preventive steps, immediate actions to be taken, and also, the rehab treatment available. Patients and public don’t understand that, unlike cardiac attacks, stroke attacks could be painless and frequently go without notice.
“Families of a victim have to act ‘FAST’ in order to save the stroke victim from paralysis or worse, death. FAST equals:
F: Face drooping
A: Arm weakness
S: Speech difficulty
T: Time to call a physician
What’s a Stroke?
A stroke is a quickly developing lack of brain function because of interruption of blood circulation to the brain. It may be ischemic (blockage in circulation), that is more usual and makes up roughly 85% of cases, or hemorrhagic. When stroke strikes, a clot or rupture of vessels causes bleeding within the brain and prevents oxygen from reaching the brain.
Acute signs and symptoms the victim or his/her family should recognize include sudden weakness and numbness on one side of the body, abnormal deviation from the mouth and paralysis from the face, giddiness or possibly a blackout, weakness of arms or legs, confusion, lack of or incoherent speech, blurred vision, extreme headache and nausea.
Stroke could be triggered by trauma or carotid injuries (for hemorrhagic stroke) and genetic predisposition or genealogy, high cholesterol levels, obesity, diabetes, alcoholism, and smoking can lead to ischemic stroke.
How to Reduce the Risk of Having a Stroke
In some cases, infections like meningitis or cerebral TB and homocystine level in bloodstream because of vitamin b complex-12 deficiency, also escalate the risks. Keep a person’s personal risks in check through lifestyle modification, control over diabetes and BP, giving up smoking and consuming alcohol. Physical activity is necessary, so get some exercise regularly, choose a nutritious diet to prevent weight problems and be careful concerning the symptoms of stroke to do something inside the ‘golden hour.’
Doctors also stated the brain tissues become irreparably damaged due to the clot after this particular time.
“With timely treatment, there’s about 80% possibility of complete recovery. Ischemic stroke may be treatable through thrombolytic or clot bursting therapy by carrying out a CT scan and providing TPA injections within the veins. Hemorrhagic stroke may be treatable with medications and surgery. However, patients require long term follow-up and use of ecosprin pills to avoid thrombus and recurrence of stroke,” mentioned Dr Rajesh.